PALESTINA Photography

Since 1948, the Israel-Palestine conflict has been characterized by well-documented widespread violations of international humanitarian law and grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions. Civil society long called for both Israel and Palestine to join the ICC to ensure accountability for those responsible.

While the Palestinian Authority expressed its desire to accept ICC jurisdiction, it was only following its upgrade to “non-member state” observer status at the United Nations that Palestine could finally accede to the Rome Statute on 2 January 2015, giving the ICC jurisdiction from that date forward. Several days later Palestine submitted a declaration under article 12(3) of the Rome Statute giving the ICC prosecutor jurisdiction over alleged grave crimes committed in the context of the Israel-Palestine conflict in Gaza and East-Jerusalem beginning June 2014. The prosecutor subsequently opened a preliminary examination to determine whether a full investigation is warranted. In June 2016, Palestine ratified both the Kampala amendments, becoming the 30th state to ratify the amendment on the crime of aggression.